Definition of ‘Acquisition’
A corporate action in which a company buys most, if not all, of the target company’s ownership stakes in order to assume control of the target firm. Acquisitions are often made as part of a company’s growth strategy whereby it is more beneficial to take over an existing firm’s operations and niche compared to expanding on its own. Acquisitions are often paid in cash, the acquiring company’s stock or a combination of both.
In either case, the acquiring company often offers a premium on the market price of the target company’s shares in order to entice shareholders to sell. For example, News Corp.’s bid to acquire Dow Jones was equal to a 65% premium over the stock’s market price.