The downturn in the market that commenced in the spring of 2000 is reﬂected in the signiﬁcantly smaller number of IPOs occurring between 2001 and 2003.
Data from the SEC shows the following annual ﬁgures for the number of IPOs, the gross proceeds raised, and the average size of the offerings:
Number of IPOs
Raised (in Billions)
Source: Thomson Financial. Common stock. All IPOs.
Pros, cons, and expenses of going public
All in favor…
These are obtained to support growth, increase working capital, invest in plant and equipment, expand R&D, and retire debt, among other goals.
—Increased market value
The value of public companies tends to be higher than that of comparable private companies due in part to increased liquidity, available information, and a readily ascertainable value.
Liquidity and greater shareholder value may be achieved for the shareholders. Subject to certain restrictions and practical market limitations, shareholders may, over time, sell their stock in the public market. Alternatively, existing stock may be used as collateral to secure
An IPO increases corporate net worth, does not need to be repaid, and may permit additional borrowing on more favorable terms because of an improveddebt-to-equity ratio.
The visibility for shareholders and their company is usually enhanced. For example, a regional company may more easily expand nationally following a stock offering due to the increased visibility.